The goods transported by sea are usually large in size and in such a way that long periods of time have little effect on their quality and market. However, it may be that the geographical characteristics of a country require the movement of goods. The best product, if not suitable at the right time, in the right place and in suitable conditions, will not be desirable. Therefore, there must be a close relationship between the buyer and the carrier. Carriage of goods in different forms, such as sea, land or air, is a major factor in the cost of competition in the sale of goods. Maritime transport is the most important international transaction method, and it is one of the most suitable transportation methods due to the high volume of goods and economical transportation. Read this article about Types of ships.
Types of ships
We categorize ships according to the following routes:
- Liner ships (regular lines): These ships identified in maritime lines and operate on a specified schedule.
- Tramp ships (irregular lines): These ships do not operate in certain lines and carry shipments to any point they want.
Types of ships: Ships are categorized according to the type of construction:
- General cargo ships (General Cargo): These ships are constructed to be used for the carriage of various goods; normally these goods are shipped in packaged form.
- HANDY SIZE ships with a loading capacity of 10,000 to 35,000 tones.
- Ships (HANDYMAX) with a loading capacity of 35,000 to 50,000 tons.
- PANAMAX ships have a maximum tonnage loading capacity as the size of these ships is the largest possible size that can pass through the Panama Canal.
- CAPE SIZE ships, due to their large size, are not able to cross the Panamanian Canal and pass through the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean to cross the horns of the South of Chile; the commodity that this The ships carry coal or iron ore.
Types of ships: These ships are made to carry a variety of containers by a container, the ease of loading and transporting containers is an important point.
- Feeding ships (FEEDER with a loading capacity of 100 to 500 TEU
- ships (FEEDER MAX) with a loading capacity of 500 to 1000 TEU
- HANDY ships with a capacity of 1000 to 2000 TEU
- SUB PANAMAX ships with a loading capacity of 2,000 to 3,000 TEU
- PANAMAX ships with a capacity of at least 3,000 TEU
- ships (POST PANAMAX) with a loading capacity of more than 4,000 TEU
Types of ships: Ships (RO-RO)
These ships are equipped with a special platform on the front or rear or side of the RAMP. And used for carrying vehicles (cargo or passenger carriers). These ships have different classes and they are animated to maximize its space. Types of ships: There are currently four specific categories of RO-RO divisions:
- Multi-purpose RO-RO
- RO-RO equipped with a crane
- RO-RO passenger transportation and goods also referred to as RO-MAX.
- RO-ROs that are specific to car transportation and are used in the auto industry for import and export also referred to as PURE CAR CARRIERS.
Definitions and terms:
- Types of ships: Carrier: the carrier is a natural or legal person who, in return for receiving a fee, pays for the goods or travels from one place to another by means of personal transport.
- Shipping agent: forwarder is a real or legal person who, in exchange for receiving a fee, plans the transportation from beginning to end.
- Clean: clean is a non-controversial and unconditional bill of lading.
- Bill of Lading: stale is a bill of lading that is more than 21 days old.
- PARTIAL SHIPMENT Permission to carry goods for one credit.
- TRANSSHIPMENT Permission to transport goods from a means of transport by other means.